Analysis of Imaginary Children's Books Written for Children Aged 7-15 in the Context of Values and Messages


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Ataturk University, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Türkçe ve Sosyal Bilimler Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı, Turkey

Approval Date: 2020

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: BÜŞRA KOÇAK MACUN

Supervisor: Muhsine Börekçi

Abstract:

Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine the values and messages that are written by Turkish authors, for the 7-15 age group, of the fictional children's books (story, novel), and to evaluate these messages by considering social developments and changes.

Method: Basic qualitative research method was used to collect research data. Document analysis, one of the data collection methods, was used. In the study, 382 children's stories and novels belonging to 347 different authors were examined. In the analysis of the data, content analysis and descriptive analysis were used. Frequency and percentage values were used to present the data and graphics were used.

Findings: The findings of the study were evaluated in five different periods. Findings are gathered under thirteen themes: Values, positive characteristics of individuals, negative characteristics of individuals, emotions, individual problems, national identity, family, school and education, belief, social and economic structure, social problems, science and technology and environment. It was determined that values were frequently used in children's books in all periods, but there was a decrease in the number of values included in children's books written after 2000s. In the first period of the Republic, it was determined that the value of patriotism is the first value that comes to the fore in the other period, and the value of love is the most frequently repeated value in other periods. In addition, it was determined that there was an increase in the number of provinces on the theme of environment, science and technology and social problems in children's books written after 1980, and the frequency values of messages related to the national identity and belief theme decreased in children's books written after 2000.

Results: It was determined that values were frequently included in children's books written by Turkish authors between 1920-2018 and that children's books had anxiety to convey value. In addition, it was determined that the content of the themes found in children's books has a rich content.

Keywords: value, message, children’s book, social change