TUNCELI TOMBSTONES AS AN ARTISTIC OBJECT


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Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Ataturk University, Güzel Sanatlar Fakültesi, Resim, Turkey

Approval Date: 2022

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Öğr.Gör. ULAŞ UMUT MERCAN

Supervisor: Muhammet Tatar

Abstract:

Purpose: In this study, it is aimed to determine the aesthetic values of the figures embroidered on the ram-sheep and horse-shaped tombstones which could not be properly preserved and studied in the geography of Anatolia and Tunceli, and explain by whom they came until today, the values that are wanted to be kept alive with their shape, structure, motifs and everything, and their general form as an artistic expression. Method: The research we have done has been carried out in 2 stages. In the first stage, after interviews with the institutions and organizations related to our research, the necessary permissions were obtained, and the field study started. Afterwards, the tombstones being studied were determined by visits to the relevant region, and general and detailed photographs of the detected tombstones were taken, their relays were removed on the parchment with the carburizing technique, and an observation slip was created. The second part of the research is the literature review. First of all, the information in various libraries, especially in the local library was scanned from general to specific, and the literature review was created by using sources such as published encyclopedias, books, thesis, journals, and articles, as well as visual tools and local resources available on the internet. Findings: Our extensive research shows that ram-sheep and horse tombstone samples came to Anatolia from Central Asia. For this reason, it has been determined that the Sheep/Aries and Horse tombstones were not made only in the Karakoyunlu and Akkoyunlu period, that the construction of these tombstones dates back much earlier, that the general form and the decorations (pattern-motif) carved on it were not made in vain and all of them mean something. Results: In this research, these tombstones, the first examples of which we came across in Central Asia, have undergone changes during the transition to Anatolia, but they do not differ from the features of the first period. The tombstones with ram-sheep and horse figures were generally handled schematically by the craftsmen of the period, but there are examples of them carved in a very realistic style, and it has been concluded that the objective, plant and geometric decorations on each of these tombstones in the form of sculptures, which are very plain and not detailed, are descriptions expressing the grave owner