Red raspberry (Rubus ideaus L.) extracts: A novel ingredient in cemen paste


AKSU M. İ. , Turan E., ŞAT İ. G. , Erdemir E.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfpp.15930
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION

Abstract

Red raspberry (Rubus ideaus L.) has promising potential for the concept of "clean-label food" as a natural coloring and flavoring agent as well as its bioactive properties. The objective of this study was to determine some properties of lyophilized red raspberry water extract (LRWE) and its optimal levels contributing to the improvement of pastirma cemen paste (CP) quality. LRWE displayed high total phenolic and anthocyanin content, and strong antioxidant activity. Incorporating LRWE into CP improved the instrumental redness and sensory color scores between 10.52%-38.79% and 9.62%-71.55%, respectively, depending on the extract level. Compared to the control, the pH, lightness (L*), and yellowness (b*) values of CP decreased with the addition of LRWE, while the redness (a*), titratable acidity, anthocyanin content, and metal chelating activity (MCA) increased. According to these results, 3%, 4%, and 5% LRWE levels can be recommended to enhance the color, sensory acceptability, and functional properties of CP. Novelty impact statement Although the formation and maintenance of the desired color in pastirma cemen paste is an important problem, studies to overcome this problem are quite limited. Natural plant extracts have been widely used in the food industry in recent years as colorant, antioxidant, and antimicrobial due to consumer health concerns. The results of this study showed that the anthocyanin-rich LRWE can be utilized as a natural alternative to synthetic and insect-based colorants in CP production. In this way, better quality and reliable pastirma production will be possible using clean-label natural colorants instead of synthetic dyes.