Calculation of effective atomic number and electron density of essential biomolecules for electron, proton, alpha particle and multi-energetic photon interactions


RADIATION PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY, vol.112, pp.125-138, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 112
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2015.03.034
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.125-138
  • Keywords: Biomolecules, Effective atomic number, Electron density, Electron, Proton, Alpha particle, Multi-energetic photon, ESSENTIAL AMINO-ACIDS, RANGE 1 KEV, FATTY-ACIDS, MEDICAL APPLICATIONS, DOSIMETRIC MATERIALS, HUMAN TISSUES, ABSORPTION, RADIOGRAPHY, ATTENUATION, HYDROGEN
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes


Effective atomic numbers (Z(eff)) and electron densities (N-e) of some essential biomolecules have been calculated for total electron interaction, total proton interaction and total alpha particle interaction using an interpolation method in the energy region 10 keV(-1) GeV. Also, the spectrum weighted Z(eff) for multi-energetic photons has been calculated using Auto-Z(eff) program. Biomolecules consist of fatty acids, amino acids, carbohydrates and basic nucleotides of DNA and RNA. Variations of Z(eff) and N-e with kinetic energy of ionizing charged particles and effective photon energies of heterogeneous sources have been studied for the given materials. Significant variations in Z(eff) and N-e have been observed through the entire energy region for electron, proton and alpha particle interactions. Non-uniform variation has been observed for protons and alpha particles in low and intermediate energy regions, respectively. The maximum values of Z(eff) have found to be in higher energies for total electron interaction whereas maximum values have found to be in relatively low energies for total proton and total alpha particle interactions. When it comes to the multi-energetic photon sources, it has to be noted that the highest Z(eff) values were found at low energy region where photoelectric absorption is the pre-dominant interaction process. The lowest values of Z(eff) have been shown in biomolecules such as stearic acid, leucine, mannitol and thymine, which have highest H content in their groups. Variation in N-e seems to be more or less the same with the variation in Z(eff) for the given materials as expected. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.