Organic acid profiles, physicochemical, microbiological and sensory properties of yoghurts produced by adding turpentine (Pistacia terebinthus L.) coffee

Kavaz Yüksel A., Yüksel M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING, vol.16, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/ijfe-2019-0365
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: organic acid, physicochemical, sensory, storage, turpentine, yoghurt, SET, PERFORMANCE, METABOLISM, QUALITY, STORAGE, GROWTH, INULIN, FRUIT
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes


In the worldwide, the consumption of traditional coffees has been widely increased due to their distinctive aroma. Turpentine coffee (TC), known as "menengic coffee" is one of the most consumed coffees in the Turkey. The aim of this study was to produce a new and functional yoghurt using different concentrations of TC (0.5, 1 and 2%) and evaluated the effect of TC addition on the physicochemical and microbiological properties, colour values, organic acid profiles and sensory parameters of yoghurts during 21 days of storage at +/- 4 degrees C. The ash, protein, fat, viscosity, syneresis, titratable acidity and pH values, a* and b* colour properties, orotic, citric, lactic, acetic, butyric and propionic acid levels of yoghurts showed an increase with the increment of TC amount, while total solids, Lactobacillus delbrueckii spp. bulgaricus, Streptococcus thermophilus and yeast-mould counts, L* colour value, pyruvic acid amount and all observed sensory properties of yoghurts decreased. Total solids, ash, protein and syneresis values, L. bulgaricus and S. thermophilus counts, L*, a* and b* colour parameters, appearance scores of yoghurts have shown almost similar changing during storage. Generally, all observed parameters showed statistically significant differences (P < 0.01; P < 0.05) with the addition of TC except for syneresis value, orotic, pyruvic, butyric and malic acid concentrations.