Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of Thorax is only useful for morphological evaluation, currently we can use it for functional evaluation such as diffusion weighted imaging. Currently, we can obtain higher quality images because of new technologies such as software that decrease motion artefact, use of multi-channel, parallel imaging and fast sequences. Many promising results of thorax MRI have been published. It may also be an alternative to thorax computed tomography in some indications without radiation exposure risk. In this review, we evaluated current literature on use of DWI MRI examination on the pathologies of lungs and mediastinum and aimed to present what kind of information is provided on recognition and characterization of thoracic pathologies.