The superior vena cava syndrome caused by malignant disease imaging with multi-detector row CT

Eren S. , Karaman A. , Okur A.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, vol.59, no.1, pp.93-103, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2006.01.003
  • Page Numbers: pp.93-103
  • Keywords: superior vena cava, obstruction, superior vena cava syndrome, multi-detector row CT, CT angiography, 3D volume rendering, COLLATERAL PATHWAYS, OBSTRUCTION


Objective: The superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction by malignant diseases is either by direct invasion and compression or by tumour thrombus of the SVC. Whatever is its cause, obstruction of the SVC causes elevated pressure in the veins draining into the SVC and increased or reversed blood flow through collateral vessels. Severity of the syndrome depends on the collateral vascular system development. Therefore, imaging of the collateral veins with variable location and connection is important in determining the extension and management of the disease. Our aims are to describe collateral vessels of the superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) related with the malignant diseases and to assess the ability of multi-detector row CT with multiplanar and 3D volume rendering techniques in determining and describing collateral circulations.