Investigation of Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy and Chemometric Analysis Method as an Alternative Method in the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer

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Türk Doğa ve Fen Dergisi, vol.13, no.1, pp.35-39, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.46810/tdfd.1394182
  • Journal Name: Türk Doğa ve Fen Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-39
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes


Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. It usually grows slowly and may not show obvious symptoms at first. Prostate cancer can be diagnosed by symptoms or by a doctor performing certain tests during routine health checkups. These tests include physical examination, PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) Test, biopsy, imaging techniques, and Gleason score. In addition, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) is an analysis method used for prostate cancer diagnosis. This study aims to demonstrate FT-IR spectroscopy as an alternative method to other diagnostic methods in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The FT-IR spectroscopy method is used to examine the molecular structure of samples. For prostate cancer diagnosis, FT-IR spectroscopy can be used to identify molecular changes in prostate tissue and identify characteristics by which cancerous cells differ from healthy cells. FT-IR spectroscopy is based on spectral data obtained by exposing samples to infrared radiation. These spectral data are based on properties associated with the movements of the molecules contained in the samples, such as vibration, rotation and bending. Molecular changes caused by diseases such as prostate cancer may be evident in these spectral data. These changes can provide information about the presence or stage of cancerous cells. Data obtained using FT-IR spectroscopy is processed with statistical analysis methods. These analyses are used to identify molecular differences between cancerous and healthy prostate tissues. In this way, FTIR spectroscopy can help obtain sensitive and accurate results in the diagnosis of prostate cancer.