CUMHURIYET THEOLOGY JOURNAL, vol.23, no.2, pp.1051-1071, 2019 (ESCI)
I'rab is a phenomenon which has carried on its importance since the beginning of codification activities on Arabic language and Islamic sciences. For this reason, it has been one of the basic elements taken as a foundation for most of the Islamic sciences. I'rab is a part of tafsir, which is one of these sciences and whose primary purpose is to contribute understanding the Qur'an. As a matter of fact, it is possible to speak about a truly conducted tafsir only by pursuing the qualities that a language has in the strict sense. One of the most obvious qualities of the Arabic language related to tars iris i'rab. Therefore, i'rab takes an important place in the mufassirs'(interpreters) methodologyof tafsir. Baydawi, who is one of the mufassirsgiving remarkable coverage to i'rab in their tafsirs, is a mufassir who is widely respected in the Islamic world and especially in the eyes of Ottoman scholars. Hence, his tafsir has been subject to many other studies in terms of some aspects such as shark, hashiya, abbreviations etc. Furthermore, some of the other tafsir books have been written using this tafsir as the base. In this study, the tafsirs of the two interpreters, Baydawi and Lutfullah al-Ardurami an Ottoman period mufassir- are compared in terms of their approach to i'rab. It is understood that the source of most of Lutfullah al-Ardurami's opinions on i'rab was Baydawi and that Lutfullah al-Ardurami preferred to summarize, explain and comment on Baydawi's ideas on the subjects he agreed. However, in some cases, he disagreed with Baydawi's opinions in a manner that shows his competence in the language and especially in i'rab. In this case, he supported his opinions with the opinions of other mufassirs, al-Zamakhshari, al-Razi and Abu Hayyan being in the first place. In this study which makes a comparative analysis of the opinions of two mufassirs based on some examples, apart from the books of these two mufassirs, the books of other mentioned mufassirs, in whose tafsirs the subject of i'rab holds an important place and is analyzed as part of the topic.