Oyun Ve Oyuncağın Çocuk Sağlığına Etkisi


BEKMEZCİ H., ÖZKAN H.

İzmir Dr. Behçet Uz Çocuk Hastanesi Dergisi, vol.5, pp.81-87, 2015 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.5222/buchd.2015.081
  • Title of Journal : İzmir Dr. Behçet Uz Çocuk Hastanesi Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.81-87
  • Keywords: Game, toy, child, health, child health

Abstract

While game is defined as a way of having fun some certain rules, it also develops both skills and intelligence. It is also a way of spending good time, while toy is defined as a game instrument. Game is an activity that not only entertains and amuses the child, but also makes great contributions to her/his physical, emotional, social, cognitive, and language development. Game is a very important event in the development and upbringing of the child. Considering from the viewpoint of the child, game is the most important business of the child, and the toys are important game instruments for him/her. In addition to requirements such as nutrition and sleep, children need to play games for his/her healthy development. Non-fulfillment or limitation of this basic need causes the unhealthy development of children that constitute the core of society. Game enables children to see the events from a different viewpoint, promotes their creativity, raises level of awareness of their feelings like joy and sorrow, socializes them among friend groups and makes them learn how to obey the moral and social rules, physically develops their muscles and bones, and also their expression skills and vocabulary. Convenient playgrounds should be created for children and their playing games should be promoted by providing them with necessary materials. Healthcare professionals should keep in mind that games and toys can contribute to the wellbeing and development of the child.