The Scale for Determining The Factors Affecting The Students’ Choice of Formal and Distance Education in Secondary School

Creative Commons License


OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol.18, no.41, pp.3144-3171, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


The purpose of this study is to develop a scale for determining the factors that will affect students' choice of formaleducation and distance education in secondary education. The study composed of two parts. While in the first part, thescale development steps were carried out to develop the scale, in the second part, the scale was conducted. The sample ofthe scale development part is composed of 100 women and 116 men, totally 216 volunteer participants, studying atAnatolian High School, Science High School and Vocational High School in a metropolis, during the first semester of2020-2021. The data were collected through data collection form consisting of item pool. With SPSS 24.0 packageprogram, the analysis of the data was carried out. Factor analysis was applied for the validity and reliability of thedeveloped scale. As a result of the analysis, a scale consisting of 8 factors and 30 items was developed, 4 factors related toformal education and 4 other factors related to distance education. This scale, which will guide formal education anddistance education, is very important in terms of guiding the future studies. In the second part of the study, the developed scale was conducted to 120 volunteers (55 females and 65 males) attending to Anatolian High School, ScienceHigh School or Vocational High School in the 2020-2021 fall semester participated in the study. The data obtained inthe study were collected with the help of printed and digital forms. Within the scope of the study, 2 research questionswere determined. With the SPSS 24.0 package program, the data were analyzed by One-Way ANOVA tests by lookingat the skewness and kurtosis values of the data. As a result of the study, it was concluded that there was no significantdifference between the preference of formal education and distance education of the students in the secondary educationlevel and the school type variable. However, it is also concluded that there was a significant difference between formaleducation and distance education preference of secondary education level students and the time they spent on theinternet.