Dermatological Diseases in Palliative Care Patients in a University Hospital: A Prospective Study


PALA E., TOSUN TAŞAR P., SOĞUKSU A. O., Karasahin O., SEVİNÇ C.

JOURNAL OF PALLIATIVE CARE, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/08258597221119063
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PALLIATIVE CARE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: palliative care, dermatological findings, PRESSURE ULCERS, PREVALENCE, PRURITUS
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective Patients receiving palliative care are more prone to dermatological disease. The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of dermatological diseases and associated factors in patients receiving palliative care support. Methods This prospective observational study included inpatients in the palliative care unit of our university hospital in Erzurum/TURKEY. The patients were evaluated by the same dermatologist within the first 48 h of admission and 3 days a week during follow-up. Demographic data, reasons for admission to the palliative care unit, and skin lesions at the time of admission and during follow-up were recorded. Results The median age of the 259 patients included in the study was 77.0 years (min- max, 19-108) and 54.4% were women. Dermatological disease was detected in 246 patients (96.1%) at admission to the palliative care unit and in 185 patients (71.4%) patients during follow-up. The most common dermatological disease at admission was dry skin (n = 175, 67.6%), which was also the most common cause of pruritis (n = 29, 11.2%). The most common skin infection was dermatophytosis (n = 57, 22.0%) and the most common type of dermatitis was contact dermatitis (n = 17, 6.6%). Nearly all tumors were benign (n = 32, 12.4%) and most chronic wounds were pressure ulcers (n = 96, 37.1%). During hospital follow-up, the most frequent dermatitis was contact dermatitis (n = 44, 17.0%), the most frequent skin infection was candidiasis (n = 25, 9.7%), the most common chronic wound was pressure ulcers (n = 25, 9.7%), the most common dermatological disease was urticaria (n = 14, 5.4%), and all cases of pruritus were associated with dry skin (n = 8, 3.1%). Conclusions The frequency of dermatological findings is high among patients receiving palliative care. Therefore, dermatologists should be included in multidisciplinary palliative care teams and evaluate palliative care patients early and regularly.