The effects of hesperidin on sodium arsenite-induced different organ toxicity in rats on metabolic enzymes as antidiabetic and anticholinergics potentials: A biochemical approach


Caglayan C., Demır Y., Küçükler S. , Taslımı P., Kandemir F. M. , Gülçin İ.

Journal of Food Biochemistry, vol.43, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfbc.12720
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Food Biochemistry

Abstract

In our work, it was purposed to investigate the effects of sodium arsenite (SA) and hesperidin (HSP) administered to rats on some metabolic enzymes including carbonic anhydrase (CA), aldose reductase (AR), paraoxonase-1 (PON1), alpha-glycosidase (alpha-Gly), butyrylcholine esterase (BChE), acetylcholine esterase (AChE) enzymes activities in the brain, heart, liver, testis, and kidney tissues of rats. CA activities were significantly decreased in testis, liver, and heart tissues of rats given HSP, SA, SA+HSP-100, and SA+HSP-200 compared to control (p < 0.05). In liver tissue, AChE and BChE enzymes activities were significantly reduced given in all groups. In all tissues, alpha-Gly activity was reduced given in all groups. In the current study, aldose reductase enzyme activity was reduced significantly in testis, brain, and heart tissues of all groups compared to standard (p < 0.05). PON1 enzyme activity was increased significantly in kidney and liver tissues of rats HSP groups and decreased SA groups compared to control.