Catalytic activity, stability and impedance behavior of PtRu/C, PtPd/C and PtSn/C bimetallic catalysts toward methanol and formic acid oxidation


ÇÖGENLİ M. S. , Yurtcan A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.43, no.23, pp.10698-10709, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 23
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.081
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.10698-10709
  • Keywords: Bimetallic catalyst, Methanol oxidation, Formic acid oxidation, LIQUID FUEL-CELLS, CARBON NANOTUBES, RAPID SYNTHESIS, NANOPARTICLES, ELECTROOXIDATION, DEPOSITION, DECOMPOSITION, PERFORMANCE, OXIDE

Abstract

PtRu, PtPd and PtSn with weight ratios of (2:1) on carbon black (Vulcan XC-72) supported bimetallic catalysts were prepared by using microwave method via chemically reduction of H2PtCl6 center dot 6H(2)O, RuCl3, PdCl2 and SnCl2 center dot 2H(2)O precursors with ethylene glycol (EG). These prepared catalysts were systematically investigated and obtained results were compared with commercial Pt black, PtRu black catalysts and with each other. The catalysts were characterized with XRD, ICP-MS, EDS and TEM. The electrocatalytic activities, stability and impedance of the catalysts were investigated in sulfuric acid/methanol and sulfuric acid/formic acid mixtures using electrochemical measurements. The results showed that PtSn/C catalyst showed comparable activity and durability with commercial Pt/C catalyst toward methanol oxidation. The synthesized PtRu/C catalyst was found to completely oxidize methanol and it showed more catalytic activity than commercial PtRu catalyst. Bimetallic PtPd/C catalyst gave better activity than both commercial Pt black and synthesized Pt/C catalyst for oxidation of formic acid. Higher electrochemical active surface areas were obtained with supported bimetallic catalysts. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.