The Effect of the Presence of Lower Urinary System Symptoms on the Prognosis of COVID-19: Preliminary Results of a Prospective Study

Karabulut I., Cinislioglu A. E. , CİNİSLİOĞLU N. , Yilmazel F. K. , Utlu M., ALAY H. , ...More

UROLOGIA INTERNATIONALIS, vol.104, pp.853-858, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 104
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000510761
  • Page Numbers: pp.853-858
  • Keywords: COVID-19, Lower urinary tract symptoms, International prostate symptom score, Benign prostatic hyperplasia, BENIGN, HYPERPLASIA


Purpose: To investigate the effectiveness of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), which occur as a natural result of aging and androgen exposure, in predicting disease prognosis in male patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Methods: The study was planned prospectively. The study included 63 male patients over 40 years of age diagnosed with COVID-19. The patients were diagnosed with COVID-19 based on the results of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction tests of oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swabs obtained as per the World Health Organization guidelines. The presence of LUTS was assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS), a subjective assessment, and the I-PSS was filled for the patients included in the study. The patients were divided into three groups based on their scores in the I-PSS survey: group 1: mild (0-7), group 2: moderate (8-19), and group 3: severe (20-35). The data of all three groups were statistically analyzed. Results: In the assessment performed between the groups, it was identified that for patients in group 3, the length of hospital stay was longer, intensive care requirement was more frequent, and their mortality rates were numerically higher. In the evaluation made regarding the time to intensive care admittance, this was identified to be the shortest in group 3. Conclusion: As a result of our study, we think that in patients with COVID-19, BPH-related LUTS can guide clinicians in predicting prognosis.