PtNi supported on binary metal oxides: Potential bifunctional electrocatalysts for low-temperature fuel cells?


Martins M., Sljukic B., Sequeira C. A. C. , Soylu G. S. P. , Yurtcan A. , Bozkurt G., ...More

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.428, pp.31-40, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 428
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.09.132
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-40
  • Keywords: PtNi nanoparticles, Binary metal oxides, Low-temperature fuel cells, Oxygen reduction reaction, Borohydride oxidation reaction, OXYGEN REDUCTION REACTION, SODIUM-BOROHYDRIDE ELECTROOXIDATION, REDUCED GRAPHENE OXIDE, ALKALINE MEDIA, LOW-COST, OXIDATION, ELECTRODE, NI, PERFORMANCE, CATALYSTS

Abstract

PtNi nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesised by microwave irradiation technique and supported onto Mn2O3 and two binary metal oxides, Mn2O3-TiO2 and Mn2O3-NiO, prepared by solid-state dispersion method. TEM analysis revealed formation of PtNi NPs of 2-3 nm diameter on the metal oxides. Their activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and borohydride oxidation reaction (BOR) in alkaline media was studied using voltammetric, amperometric and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. The effect of electrolyte composition and operation temperature on the catalysts performance was also examined. ORR and BOR kinetic parameters, namely Tafel slope, kinetic current density, order of reaction and activation energy were evaluated, enabling direct comparison of the three electrocatalysts performance. The results show that PtNi NPs anchored on binary metal oxide supports possess superior activity for BOR in alkaline media, suggesting their potential application as anodes in low-temperature fuel cells. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.