Circulating glucose levels inversely correlate with Drosophila larval feeding through insulin signaling and SLC5A11


UGRANKAR R., THEODOROPOULOS P., Akdemir F. , Henne W. M. , Graff J. M.

COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY, vol.1, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s42003-018-0109-4
  • Title of Journal : COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY

Abstract

In mammals, blood glucose levels likely play a role in appetite regulation yet the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain opaque. Mechanisms can often be explored from Drosophila genetic approaches. To determine if circulating sugars might be involved in Drosophila feeding behaviors, we scored hemolymph glucose and trehalose, and food ingestion in larvae subjected to various diets, genetic mutations, or RNAi. We found that larvae with glucose elevations, hyperglycemia, have an aversion to feeding; however, trehalose levels do not track with feeding behavior. We further discovered that insulins and SLC5A11 may participate in glucose-regulated feeding. To see if food aversion might be an appropriate screening method for hyperglycemia candidates, we developed a food aversion screen to score larvae with abnormal feeding for glucose. We found that many feeding defective larvae have glucose elevations. These findings highlight intriguing roles for glucose in fly biology as a potential cue and regulator of appetite.