Raw and pyrolyzed (with and without melamine) graphene nanoplatelets with different surface areas as PEM fuel cell catalyst supports


ÖZTÜRK A. , BAYRAKÇEKEN YURTCAN A.

CARBON LETTERS, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s42823-021-00243-4
  • Title of Journal : CARBON LETTERS

Abstract

Platinum (Pt) catalysts dispersed on carbon-based support materials are generally used in the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells. In this study, commercial graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), with different surface areas (320, 530, 800 m(2) g(-1)), were used as catalyst supports in PEM fuel cells. These GNPs were also pyrolyzed under the inert atmosphere, with and without melamine, as the nitrogen (N) source. Various characterizations (Elemental analysis, FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, BET, TEM, HRTEM, SAED, XRD, TGA, ICP-MS, contact angle measurement, CV, ORR, chronoamperometry, EIS, PEM fuel cell performance test) were performed for the detailed analysis of Pt/GNPs. Based on the three-electrode cell system, the lowest electrochemical surface area (ECSA) loss (29.9%), Pt mass activity loss (20.3%) and overall (charge and mass) resistance (42.2 omega) were obtained with the Pt/M-530 catalyst. According to the in-situ PEM fuel cell performance results, the specific peak power density was recorded as (450 mW mg Pt-1) for the Pt/R-530 catalyst, which has also the second most hydrophobic catalyst layer surface with the 146.5 degrees +/- 1.28 degrees contact angle value. On the heels of Pt/R-530, the two best performances also belong to the Pt/M-530 (391 mW mg Pt-1) and Pt/P-530 (378 mW mg Pt-1) catalysts of the same group. Graphic abstract