Membrane Electrode Assembly with Ultra Low Platinum Loading for Cathode Electrode of PEM Fuel Cell by Using Sputter Deposition


ÇÖGENLİ M. S. , Mukerjee S., Yurtcan A.

Fuel Cells, vol.15, no.2, pp.288-297, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/fuce.201400062
  • Title of Journal : Fuel Cells
  • Page Numbers: pp.288-297
  • Keywords: Cyclic Voltametry, Fuel Cell, Gas Diffusion Electrode, Membrane Electrode Assembly, PEMFC, ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY, OXYGEN REDUCTION, THIN-FILMS, PERFORMANCE, CATALYSTS, PRESSURE, LAYER

Abstract

Cathode electrodes of proton exchange membrane fuel cells were fabricated by using Pt sputter deposition to increase the gravimetric power density (WmgPt(-1)) with reduced Pt loading. Ultra low Pt-based electrodes having Pt loading in between 0.0011 and 0.06 mgPt cm(-2) were prepared by a radio frequency (RF) sputter deposition method on the surface of a non-catalyzed gas diffusion layer (GDL) substrate by changing the sputtering time (20, 90, 180, 1050 s). The effect of cathode Pt loading on the performance of membrane electrode assembly were investigated using polarization curve, impedance, H-2 crossover and cyclic voltammetry techniques. The effect of backpressure on PEMFC performance was also investigated. Sputter1050 (0.06 mgPt cm(-2)) exhibited the best power density at 80 degrees C cell temperature and without backpressure for H-2/O-2, 100 % RH (297mWcm(-2) and 5 WmgPt(-1) at 0.6 V). On the other hand sputter90 (0.005 mgPt cm(-2)) showed the peak gravimetric power density (15 WmgPt(-1) and 75 mWcm(-2) at 0.6 V). The Pt utilization efficiency increased as the Pt loading decreased. Sputter20 and sputter90 electrodes yielded insufficient electrochemical surface area (ECSA), higher charge transfer and ohmic resistance, but sputter180 and sputter1050 yielded sufficient ECSA and lower charge transfer and ohmic resistance.