The effect of calcination temperatures on wear properties of TiO2 coated CP-Ti


Comakli O., Yetim T., ÇELİK A.

SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, vol.246, pp.34-39, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 246
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.02.059
  • Journal Name: SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.34-39
  • Keywords: Sol gel, TiO2, Calcination, Wear, CP-Ti, SOL-GEL, THIN-FILMS, CORROSION PROTECTION, TITANIUM, COATINGS, HARDNESS
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) is commonly used as an implant material especially for orthopedic and dental treatments in biomedical applications. This material shows insufficient tribological properties. Some surface treatments were applied on surface CP-Ti in order to improve tribological properties of the CP-Ti. Among these techniques, sol-gel coating process was used for this purpose. In this study, CP-Ti was coated by TiO2 film with sal-gel dip coating process. Coated samples were calcined at the various temperatures. The effects of calcination temperature on the wear performance of the coated films were observed. It was observed that the hardness, elastic modulus, surface roughness, friction coefficient and wear resistance values of coated samples were higher than the uncoated CP-Ti values. Also, these properties of coated samples increased with increasing of calcination temperature. The intensity of the rutile-TiO2 phase increased with the calcination temperatures. It was determined that rutile-TiO2 structure showed self-lubrication like behavior. The best tribological properties were obtained from the sample calcinated at 900 degrees C. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.