An environmentally friendly batch bioadsorption study of the radionuclides Ga-67 from aqueous solutions by fibrous tea waste


Eroglu H. , VAROGLU E., Yapici S. , ŞAHİN A.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, cilt.165, ss.563-572, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 165 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.cej.2010.09.074
  • Dergi Adı: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.563-572

Özet

The radionuclides Ga-67 is used in nuclear medicine. This paper presents a bioadsorption study of Ga-67 from aqueous solution by solid tea factory waste. The experimental parameters were chosen as temperature, pH, stirring speed, nominal particle size and bioadsorbent dose in the ranges of 10.0-40.0 degrees C, 2.0-8.0, 300-720 rpm, 0.15-1.4 mm and 1.0-15.0 g/L, respectively. The most effective parameter was determined to be pH, and then temperature, particle size, and bioadsorbent close in decreasing order. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was performed for the characterisation of the bioadsorption of Ga-67 on tea waste. The equilibrium results showed that the data exhibited good agreement with the isotherm models of Freundlich, Halsey, and Handerson and Smith. In thermodynamic analysis, Delta G and Delta H values were determined and their values demonstrated that the bioadsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous. Bioadsorption kinetics analysis proved that the rate corresponded to a pseudo second order model, and that the bioadsorption mechanism is governed by intra-particular diffusion. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.