Science, Movement and Health, cilt.10, sa.1, ss.46-49, 2010 (Hakemli Üniversite Dergisi)
The aim of this study was to determine athletes’ and non-athletes’ performance parameters during three
menstrual cycle periods (pre-menstruation, during menstruation, post-menstruation). 40 athletes (age; 17.25±3.1 years)
and 40 non-athletes (age; 17.29±0.7 years) who have a regular menstrual cycle period participated the study. Body
weight, body fat ratio, resting heart rate, blood pressures, reaction time, hand grip strength, 20m sprint time and
anaerobic power were measured in pre menstruation, during menstruation and post menstruation periods along 3
months. For the statistical analysis, student t-test was used to compare the performance parameters of athletes and nonathletes.
One-way analyses of variance were performed to assess differences between menstrual cycle periods.
The mean body heights of athletes and non-athletes were 1.65±0.05 cm and 1.64±0.04 cm respectively. The
mean body weights were 59.7±6.13 kg and 57.7±6.9 kg of athletes and non-athletes. The mean menarche age of
athletes was 13.47±0.11 years and of non-athletes was 12.62±0.13 years. Menarche ages and resting heart rates were
found significantly different (p<0.05) between groups but body fat ratio and blood pressures couldn’t find significantly
different (p>0.05). Vertical jump, reaction times, hand grip strength and 20 m sprint parameters were significantly
different (p<0.05), but anaerobic power values were not found significantly different (p>0.05) between two groups.
Performance parameters didn’t differ between menstrual cycle periods in both athletes and non-athletes (p>0.05). It’s
concluded from this study that athletes attained menarche later than non-athletes. Menstrual cycle periods didn’t
significantly affect sportive motor performance of basketball, volleyball players, judokas and non-athletes.