The Potential Impact of Agouti Related Peptide and Asprosin on Metabolic Parameters and Eating Behavior in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Gürbüzer N., Zengil S., LALOĞLU E., KAŞALİ K.

Noropsikiyatri Arsivi, vol.61, no.1, pp.30-38, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.29399/npa.28458
  • Journal Name: Noropsikiyatri Arsivi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, Psycinfo, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.30-38
  • Keywords: Agouti-related peptide, asprosin, attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, disordered eating behaviors, hedonic system, homeostatic system
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: We aimed to evaluate Agouti-Related Peptide (AgRP) and asprosin levels in adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and to examine the relationship between eating behavior, metabolic parameters, AgRP and asprosin. Methods: Forty-five adult ADHD patients and 45 controls were included in the study. The Adult Diagnostic Interview Scale for ADHD (DIVA 2.0) and Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 Clinician Version (SCID-5/CV) were administered to the participants. The Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report Scale (ASRS) and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) were completed by the participants. Biochemical parameters, AgRP and asprosin levels of the participants were measured. Results: Adults with ADHD had significantly higher HbA1c, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. Eating behaviors and lipid profile were impaired in the patients. A significant positive correlation was found between the patients’ ASRS/hyperactivity-impulsivity scores and DEBQ/emotional eating and DEBQ/external eating. A significant positive correlation was found between ASRS/total score and DEBQ/emotional eating, DEBQ/external eating, and DEBQ/total eating scores. AgRP and asprosin levels were significantly lower in the patients. The effect sizes of AgRP and asprosin were 0.526 and 0.839, respectively. A negative correlation was found between AgRP and asprosin levels of the patients and BMI. It was seen that AgRP and asprosin were confounding factors for each other, and the significance between the groups was due to asprosin. Asprosin defined ADHD at a higher rate than AgRP. Conclusion: The study emphasizes the link between eating behavior and the hedonic system in ADHD. It also showed that AgRP and asprosin levels are low in adult ADHD. Low AgRP and asprosin levels may be an indication of impaired energy homeostasis and/or a structural cause for ADHD.