Novel Surgical Technique for Repair of Zygomatic Fractures: Lever Technique


PLASTIC SURGERY, vol.27, no.2, pp.135-140, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/2292550319828791
  • Journal Name: PLASTIC SURGERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-140
  • Keywords: closed zygoma reduction, facial trauma, minimal access approach, open zygoma reduction, zygomatic arch fracture, zygomatic fracture, ARCH FRACTURE, CLOSED REDUCTION, COMPLEX
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Zygoma is a very crucial component for the anteroposterior positioning of the midface and for the maintenance of facial contours. Zygomatic fractures are considered as the second most common type of facial fractures following nasal fractures. We have developed a new reduction technique called "lever," which is based on the application of lifting force as an alternative to the methods in which the pulling force is applied. Patients: Over a 12-year period, 90 patients were treated with minimal access approach and 130 patients were treated with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF), using the lever technique. Results: In the follow-up period, no complications occurred in any of the patients who underwent minimal access approach. Miniplate removal operation was performed in 3 of the patients. Enophthalmos developed in one patient. Since 4 of the 7 suboptimal reduction patients did not experience any functional or cosmetic problems, no treatment was necessary and the remaining 3 patients underwent fat graft due to the presence of malar depression. Conclusion: This minimally invasive surgical procedure we have developed can be successfully used both in the minimal access approach and in ORIF, especially in delayed cases. We recommend this method due to the reasons that it is safe to conduct, easy to learn, fast to apply, simple to perform, and also economical to deploy.