A potential pest of rhubarb (Rheum ribes L.) (Polygonaceae) in Turkey: Capnodis marquardti Reitter, 1913 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)


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Tozlu G., Tatar M.

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Food, Agriculture and Animal Sciences (ICOFAAS 2019), Antalya, Turkey, 8 - 11 November 2019, vol.1, pp.375-384

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.375-384
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The rhubarb (Rheum ribes L.) (Polygonaceae) is element of Iran-Turanian phytogeographic region. It is distributed Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Northern Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. In Turkey, it is quite abundant in the Eastern and the Southern Anatolia. This plant occures on the altitude between 1800 and 2800 m on rocky and gravel slopes, and can grow up to 40 cm of height. The rhubarb is a perennial herbaceous plant blooming with yellowish-white flowers during May and June. In addition to medical use its shoots and petioles are consumed fresh and cooked for different recipes in Turkey. Buprestid beetle Capnodis marquardti Reitter, 1913 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae: Dicercini) known from northeastern Turkey exclusively, was found to be associated with this plant. There is very limited information about the interrelations between this species and rhubarb. Large population of C. marquardti was found in Cirisli Pass between Erzurum and Bingol, 13th km N of Karliova. The adults were observed on the soil close to the stems of rhubarb plants; while a single larva was found in the roots of this plant. The adult feeding and oviposition were observed on caged plants in the field. Further observations of the biology of C. marquardti and its impact on the plant are necessary to study. In any case, known this exclusively rare and presumably endemic species for northeastern Turkey by people working with this plant has great importance.

Keywords: Capnodis marquardti, Rheum ribes, biological observations, Turkey