Plasma Growth Hormone and Prolactin Levels in Healthy Sedentary Young Men after Short Term Endurance Training under Hot Environment

Creative Commons License

Cicioğlu H. İ. , Kıyıcı F.

Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, cilt.2, sa.2, ss.9-13, 2013 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 2 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Dergi Adı: Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.9-13


Pituitary hormones play an important role energy expenditure and body temperature regulation during exercise. The aim of the

study was to investigate the effect of two different endurance training in ambient temperature (30.76 ± 1.71oC and 57.92 ± 5.80%

r.h.) on plasma growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) levels in non-trained healthy subjects. Twenty-four untrained healthy

men participated in an 8-wk progressive two different endurance-training program. Subjects were divided into two groups: an interval

running group (IR), and continuous running group (CR). Both groups were performed 3 days/wk. Growth hormone, PRL and

VO2max levels were assessed at the beginning and the end of the training period. Body temperature (TB) was also measured at the

beginning and immediately after each training. The exercise type affected plasma PRL (8.52 vs. 6.50 ng/ml IR and CT groups, P <

0.02) but did not alter plasma GH levels (0.95 vs 0.63 ng/ml IR and CT groups, P>0.38). Plasma GH level at the end of training

program increased from 0.42 to 1.48 ng/ml and 0.58 to 0.67 ng/ml for IR and CR groups. Expectedly, both training types increased

TB, at a greater rate for IR group than CR group. In conclusion, an 8-wk regular exercise result in an increase in plasma PRL level,

without altering plasma GH level, which accompanied by elevated body temperature, regardless of the individual’s sporting routine.

These suggest that untrained individuals could benefit from a regular exercise program as much as those doing the routine