Fatty Acid Characterization of “Gulcan 2 × Lauranne” and “Guara × Nurlu” F1 Hybrid Almond Population


Ercik K., ÇÖMLEKÇİOĞLU S., Kafkas N. E., ERCİŞLİ S., SAĞBAŞ H. İ.

Erwerbs-Obstbau, vol.65, no.5, pp.1479-1487, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10341-023-00887-8
  • Journal Name: Erwerbs-Obstbau
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1479-1487
  • Keywords: Amygdalus communis L, Fatty acids, Gas chromatography, Breeding, Monounsaturated fatty acid, TOCOPHEROL CONTENTS, YIELD, ANTIOXIDANT, STRAWBERRY, GROWTH
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Almond (Amygdalus communis L.) is a type of hard-shell fruit species that is very important for human health due to its nutritional content. This importance is mainly due to its various oils, vitamins, and minerals. Almonds, which contain high amounts of monounsaturated fatty acids, are among the olive oil-like foods recommended for decreasing bad cholesterol and protecting against heart disease. In this study, a total of 166 F1 almond genotypes consisting of 77 F1 obtained from the hybridization of ‘Gulcan 2’ and ‘Lauranne’ almond varieties (‘Gulcan 2’ × ‘Lauranne’) and 89 F1 obtained from the crosses of ‘Guara’ and ‘Nurlu’ almond varieties and their parents (‘Guara’ × ‘Nurlu’) were investigated for biochemical characterization. Fatty acids were determined using gas chromatography/flame ionization detector (GC/FID) techniques for the 166 F1 hybrid genotypes. The mean and standard deviation values were calculated for the statistical analyses. For the ‘Gulcan 2’ × ‘Lauranne’ F1 population, oleic acid content ranged between 65.793 and 81.146%; linoleic acid content ranged between 9.532 and 22.041%; palmitic acid content ranged between 4.546 and 7.182%; stearic acid content ranged between 0.855 and 4.048%; and arachidic acid content ranged between 0.911 and 5.028%. For the ‘Guara’ × ‘Nurlu’ F1 population, oleic acid content ranged between 66.532 and 81.370%; linoleic acid content ranged between 10.516 and 22.310%; palmitic acid content ranged between 5.449 and 7.249%; stearic acid content ranged between 1.070 and 5.557%; and arachidic acid content ranged between 0.000 and 6.836%.