Optimizing Waste Management with Geographical Information System (GIS) within the Scope of Zero Waste: The Case in Ataturk University


Ceylan Z., Korkmaz Ş., Pulaş E. T., Sevindi C.

Cooperation for Climate and Green Deal Symposium, Samsun, Turkey, 24 - 26 October 2022, pp.132-134

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Samsun
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.132-134
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

There is a very new awareness of the necessity of wastewater treatment in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. In addition to being a structure that includes many residential and industrial areas from east to west, which is the Black Sea coast, fisheries and marine ecosystem are used. On the other hand, until very recently, only Samsun and Ordu centers have advanced biological treatment and Zonguldak secondary treatment wastewater treatment, other provinces and districts discharge their wastewater into the sea with deep sea discharge systems. There is another danger that awaits the Black Sea region, where such a development is taking place, both deaths and economic losses increase as a result of floods and disasters due to the interaction of both environmental deformation and climate change. In addition, environmental damage will increase with the fragility of infrastructure and treatment systems. Wastewater treatment systems provide a critical service to society and vulnerability to the effects of climate change. puts the health and sanitation of many communities at risk. The impacts of climate change on wastewater systems are numerous and can have a wide variety of consequences over varying time periods.

 

In this study, first of all, the direct climate-related effects on the wastewater system element (including networked wastewater systems, in-plant wastewater systems and treatment plants) in all cities in the Black Sea Region were examined. Floods and odor problems of the wastewater network, deterioration of water quality and damage to infrastructure due to uncontrolled discharges will be priority problems. More research is needed on specific processes to develop plans for effective adaptation to climate change. Our study is to systematically determine the main effects of climate change on wastewater systems and to determine the direct or indirect social, cultural, environmental and economic consequences. After these studies, infrastructure is generally the development of decision-making principles for local governments. How effluent characteristics will change under climate change will depend on the type and design of WWTP processes. Depending on how these can cope with changes in inlet water quality (e.g., changing water temperature, water use/conservation measures and nutrient enrichment (eutrophication) and eventual reduction in the receiving environment's capacity to assimilate pollutant loads, it will have potentially adverse effects on the receiving environment.