Electrochemical effects and magnetic properties of B substituted LiCoO2: Improving Li-battery performance

Oz E., ALTIN S., DEMİREL S., BAYRİ A., ALTIN E., Baglayan O., ...More

JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, vol.657, pp.835-847, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 657
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.10.080
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.835-847
  • Keywords: Li-ion batteries, LiCoO2, Magnetic properties, Structural properties, B substitution, CATHODE MATERIALS, LITHIUM-ION, TRANSITION, BEHAVIOR, OXIDES, METAL, TRANSFORMATION, INTERCALATION, TRANSPORT, LIXCOO2
  • Ataturk University Affiliated: No


LiCo(1-x)BxO(2) (x = 0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.375, 0.5, 0.75 and 1) samples were synthesized via solid state reactions. They were characterized by SEM, X-ray powder diffraction, FTIR, Raman, electrical and magnetic measurements. XRD data show impurity phases for x >= 0.25 samples due to boron content. Based on FTIR studies, the peak position of CoO6 shifts with increasing B content. The Raman spectra of LiCoO2 shows the presence of three broad bands, indicating the possible formation of spinel structure. The effective magnetic moments of the samples were calculated using Curie-Weiss law with temperature independent term. The M-H curves of x = 0.375 and 0.5 samples show very weak hysteresis loops. Effects of boron substitution on battery performance are also investigated. x = 0.125 and x >= 0.25 samples give promising results due to their enhanced reversibility of cycling compared to pristine LiCoO2. Capacity retentions for 100 cycles for x = 0, 0.125 and 0.25 samples are 22%, 81% and 83%, respectively. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.