EXAMINATION OF ANAEROBIC POWER PERFORMANCES OF ELITE WINTER ATHLETES


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Ozan M. , Kıyıcı F. , Atasever G. , Buzdağlı Y.

ACTA KINESIOLOGICA, cilt.14, sa.1, ss.77-83, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 14 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Dergi Adı: ACTA KINESIOLOGICA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.77-83

Özet

The aim of this study is to examine the anaerobic power performance of elite winter athletes. A total of 40 athletes from Alpine skiing (n:10), ski jumping (n:10), snowboarding (n:10) and Short track (N:10) who are active at elite level in different winter sports participated as volunteers. Wingate anaerobic power test (WAnT) was performed using the Monark 894E brand bicycle ergometer to measure anaerobic power parameters of the lower extremities of the research group. The SPSS for Windows 22.0 package program was used to calculate and evaluate the data obtained. The mean and standard deviation of the variables measured are summarized. The normality distribution of the measured parameters was determined by the Shapiro-Wilks test. One-way variance analysis (ANOVA) was used to determine the differences between sports branches because the Normal distribution was shown. The Tukey test from Post-Hoc tests was applied to determine the source of the difference. In this study, significance level was taken as p<0.05. When comparing between groups; there was no significant difference between peak power (W), peak power (W/kg) and average power (W) values. The minimum power (W) values were significantly different between ski jumping groups; Alpine skiing, snowboarding and short track groups; and fatigue index (%) values between ski jumping groups; and alpine skiing and short track groups. Consequently, anaerobic performance is important for branches that are completed in a short time or require explosive power. While anaerobic strength, which is an important component of performance, is an important factor for all branches, it is seen that it has much more importance especially in winter sports branches where anaerobic strength is used predominantly. Improving anaerobic capacity positively improves athlete performance. Therefore, regular training of athletes in accordance with the energy system specific to the branch also results in different results on the anaerobic strength of the training differences in winter sports branches.